NASA and ESA to Smash Spacecraft on Asteroid to Divert the Approach
Nearly 446 million years ago, an asteroid impact on planet earth might have triggered the life existence. But as of now, any other asteroid impact might leave humanity in jeopardy. That’s why NASA and ESA are trying to experiment with the Asteroids, that is might crash on our planet. With the dangerous asteroid bodies flying past earth at very high speed, post the threat of human extinction shortly. NASA and ESA will experiment and smash a spacecraft to change its path and divert it away from Earth.
NASA and ESA officials have selected the target asteroid for this experiment. The asteroid Didymos B will receive the impact of Spacecraft to divert its orbit. As of now, the asteroid Didymos B orbits asteroid Didymos A in every 11.92 hours. Asteroid Didymos B is considered as Near Earth Orbit Asteroid, which means its orbit is pretty close to earth’s orbit. It’s orbit and earth’s orbit around sun intersects each other and the asteroid might hit the planet. The asteroid impact and deflection assessment (AIDA) project launched by the ESA and NASA in 2015 to counter the impacts of dangerously close asteroids.
According to the astronomer Ian Carnelli of the ESA, the humans are the first to have the technology to deflect the asteroid from its orbit. He said that the experiment will confirm the usability and effectiveness of the technology in deflecting the path of celestial bodies. Just like the plans from ESA and NASA, the Japanese JAXA space organization crashed a spacecraft on Asteroid Ryugu. Although the reason was different, it made a significant impact crater on the asteroid. According to the plans, the spacecraft will hit Didymos B at 23,760 kilometres per hour. The impact would cause the deflection of only a few centimetres, but the orbit change would cause the time of each orbit to reduce to few minutes.