According to the latest reports and findings, the fire at Amazon rainforest may not be an accident. Instead, these might be caused by poachers and loggers to clear land for cattle; such acts are encouraged by Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil’s pro-business president.
This might be a usual thing for beef farmers in Brazil but for the rest of the world, it’s nothing less than horror. Amazon is known as ‘the planet’ Lungs”. It produces 20% of the oxygen and a vast-scale disaster such as this will have a major impact on the ecosystem. One of the major solutions that have come up is banning Brazilian beef. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, Brazil is one of the major exporters of beef; about 20%of of the exports are contributed by Brazil.
According to the USDA, strong demands from Asia especially China and Hongkong, have helped to flourish this industry. These two countries alone imported 44% of beef in 2018. In a statement, Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar has stated that Ireland will closely monitor environmental action taken by Brazil to decide whether to block Mercosur deal. This week, Brazil’s space research center said that fires have increased by 80% than the last year and most of the places are from the Amazon region.
“The burning can range from a small-scale agricultural practice to new deforestation for mechanized and modern agribusiness projects,” said Alberto Setzer, a senior scientist at INPE to CNN. When the season is dry, the farmers put fire to the area so their cattle can graze, but this time it went beyond their control. Beef also contributes to global warming, as methane produced by these cattle is more dangerous than carbon dioxide. 41% of green gas from livestock is produced by beef. According to the latest reports, global production would increase by 16% from 2017 to 2027.